VIP, which is actually more than a dozen separate projects, is not an all-or-nothing enterprise.
It is one of the largest refiners of oil in Australia, producing in the vicinity of 6. It employs about people. The refinery is licenced by the NSW Environment Protection Authority and this licence attempts to manage and control the many environmental impacts associated with the refinery operations including air emissions, noise emissions, emissions to water, and sludge and soil conditions on the refinery's landfarm.
The Refinery releases a range of pollutants into the air including Sulphur Dioxide. The Refinery currently releases effluent to ocean outfalls at Yena Gap and collects and disposes of cooling water in Botany Bay. The refinery's stormwater is released into Botany Bay and during large storm events oily substances flow into the Bay often creating a minor temporary 'slick' on the surface.
Transport of oil to and from tankers is facilitated via pipes on a purpose-built wharf. There have been a number of oil spills in Botany Bay including one in which resulted from a leak in a tanker unloading at the wharf.
Refinery staff undertake emergency exercises to maintain and improve preparedness for major oils spills in the Bay. This is designed to reduce the impact of organic pollutants from the refinery.
Bio-organisms are used to treat refinery waste water and contaminants oils and phenols before they are released at Yena Gap. Accumulated sludge is then sent to the landfarm. Monitoring the effectiveness of the effluent improvement measures at Yena Gap is to be undertaken by an independent expert.
The noise from the refinery is licenced not to exceed 70 decibels measured one metre from the plant boundary. Noise from the refinery is, none-the-less, audible from most of Kurnell including from the National Park.
Much of the monitoring required by the EPA licence is undertaken internally by the refinery. Any breaches of the licence must be reported to the EPA and records kept for at least 3 years.
In lateconcerns were raised over the extent of odours detected outside the refinery's boundaries. In response, environment groups and residents called on the EPA to establish a new air quality monitoring station in Kurnell.
There have been many conflicting reports and rumours regarding the long term future of the refinery operations on the Kurnell Peninsula. Much of this has been focussed on a possible greater emphasis on imported fuel which is cheaper than locally refined product. The Federal Government in the late s introduced a cleaner fuels policy which also has implications for the future of the refinery.
Some efficiency improvements at Kurnell have been achieved but reportedly, more needs to be done. Indeed, the Refinery is beginning to show its age. In late a partial shut down of the refinery was necessary to allow the demolition of an exhaust stack that had developed a structural flaw.
There have been a number of accidents in the Refinery in recent times along with an ongoing industrial dispute over pay and conditions.Federal regulators announced new oil refinery regulations on Tuesday. slash toxic air pollution generated by petroleum refineries. systems to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, and air.
Air Pollution and Oil Refineries: briefing. Tourism 23 May Share this page: began the meeting with a brief history of the oil refinery and air pollution struggle in South Africa. This has included both civil society action and an internationalised campaign.
The buckets can test for other air pollutants besides those emitted by oil. Effects Of Air Pollution Essay Examples. A Report on the Air Pollution Emitted by Caltex Oil Refinery in Kurnell.
1, words. 3 pages. An Introduction to the Air Pollution Throughout the World.
1, words. 4 pages. An Analysis on Air Pollution Its Causes,Effects and Solutions. 1, words. The category I have chosen to investigate is air quality. The issue I have chosen to investigate is air emissions as a means of pollution by the Caltex Oil Refinery in Kurnell.
This has been an area of great concern to residents of the area, industrialists and environmentalists. A Report on the Air Pollution Emitted by Caltex Oil Refinery. In order to meet the requirements of the new policy, Caltex must invest $ million in the Kurnell refinery by or the refinery may close.
Some efficiency improvements at Kurnell have been achieved but reportedly, more needs to be done. Indeed, the Refinery is beginning to show its age. there are five large refineries – Caltex (in Cape Town), Engen (in Durban), NATREF in Sasolburg, and the Shell and BP combined SAPREF refinery (also in Durban).
Oil refineries pollute Oil refineries pollute our air, water, and land. Our air is polluted by up to pollutants emitted from the stacks and leaking equipment at refineries.