An overview of the effects of earthquakes and the kobe earthquake of 1995

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An overview of the effects of earthquakes and the kobe earthquake of 1995

Kobe Earthquake Effects Even though the effects of Kobe earthquake were not as intense as that of the Great Kanto earthquakethere was a lot for the mankind to learn from this natural disaster.

An overview of the effects of earthquakes and the kobe earthquake of 1995

Continue reading for more information on this earthquake, with emphasis on its aftermaths. ScienceStruck Staff The Kobe earthquake, which shook the island nation of Japan on 17th January,is considered to be the second most disastrous earthquake that the country witnessed in the 20th century.

Also referred to as the Great Hanshin earthquake, the Kobe earthquake stands second to the Great Kanto earthquake ofwherein the death toll was somewhere aroundIt occurred at It was preceded by four foreshocks on the previous day, and followed by numerous aftershocks in the weeks to come.

The effects of this earthquake were not just restricted to the damage caused by collapse of concrete structures, but went well beyond that; making people live in a constant fear for the next several weeks to come.

Long-term effects of Kobe earthquake

Effects of Kobe Earthquake Somewhere aroundbuildings collapsed when the Kobe earthquake occurred inthus leaving scores of people either dead under their debris or homeless.

Statistically speaking, one in every five buildings of the worst affected areas had collapsed, as a result of which approximatelypeople were rendered homeless by this earthquake. Buildings were not the only structures to be destroyed though. Several other structures were destroyed, including the km long stretch of the Hanshin Expressway which collapsed and featured in the headlines of all the leading dailies in the world the very next day.

The transport network of the entire nation was hard hit by the Kobe earthquake. Several expressways - including the severely damaged Hanshin Expressway, were closed as they were rendered unusable as a result of the damage caused to them. Similarly, the rail lines - like the Shinkansen high-speed rail line aka bullet trainwere brought to a complete halt as a result of the damage caused to them.

Infrastructural collapse also brought most of the medical facilities in the region to a complete standstill, while disruption of the electricity supply and damaged roads and rail lines made rescue work all the more difficult.

Somewhere around quays - wharfs built parallel to the shoreline, at Kobe port were damaged by this earthquake, and this - in turn, resulted in disastrous effects on the economy of Japan as trade from the port of Kobe was hampered by the damage caused to it.

Kobe Earthquake Economic Effects The effects of the Great Hanshin earthquake were also seen on the Japanese economy with several industries being forced to shut down, transport including the trade of goods from the port of Kobe coming to a standstill, several commercial complexes being razed to dust, As this amount constituted to 2.

The repercussions of this tremor were also seen on the Japanese stock markets; Nikkei came down by a whopping thousand points on the very next day. A total of 6, people died during this earthquake - of which around 4, were from the port city of Kobe alone. That was a huge loss of life considering that an earthquake of the same magnitude had left only around 70 people dead in San Fernando Valley of Los Angeles - which roughly had the same population as the city of Kobe, on 17th January, Other than these deaths, somewhere around 26, people were left injured either by being caught in collapsing buildings or in fire triggered by disrupted gas lines and electric cables.

Its effects on people who survived were more of psychological, with thousands of individuals just refusing to return home as aftershocks continued to rock the island nation for the next several days to come.The Great Hanshin earthquake (阪神・淡路大震災, Hanshin Awaji daishinsai), or Kobe earthquake, occurred on January 17, at JST (January 16 at UTC) in the southern part of Hyōgo Prefecture, Japan, when combined with Osaka, known as Hanshin.

The Kobe (Hyogo-ken Nanbu), Japan, Earthquake of January 16, 9 Figure 1 The locations of the Kobe earthquake and the four other large intraplate earthquakes (Nobi, Tango, Tottori, and Fukui) in Japan since In summary, the Kobe earthquake is a shallow strike-slip.

Case studies of earthquakes Kobe, Japan, (MEDC) On 17th January , an earthquake struck Kobe, a heavily populated urban area in Japan. Seismology Kobe Japan is located in an earthquake prone region dominated by complex faulting systems (Akai, ).

The Hanshin region and Awaji Island are affected by the subducting Philippine Sea Plate and the Plastic Plate.

Long-term effects of Kobe earthquake

A part of the Meriken wharf, which was damaged by the Kobe earthquake, has been kept intact at the Earthquake Memorial Park. The Kobe earthquake, also referred to as the Great Hanshin earthquake, was a magnitude earthquake that rocked the Hyōgo Prefecture of Japan on the dawn of January 17, Earthquake Kobe Japan The January 17, Hyogoken-Nanbu earthquake of magnitude in JMA scale (Mw = ), which struck Kobe, Japan and its surrounding area was the most severe earthquake to affect that region this century.

The earthquake resulted .

Kobe Earthquake