Psychology Each and every counselling solutions are based on some theoretical construction. A theory presents or supplies the counsellor a zoom lens to look through the complete counselling process, the indications of concerns of the clients, and solutions to work on completing clients improvement.
How to Write a Summary of an Article? I will also identify the key differences between the above theories.
I shall also describe how counselling theory underpins the use of counselling skills in practise. According to Jacobs,p. The psychosexual stages are oral, anal, phallic, latency and genital.
Dr Sidmud Freud saw human behaviour as a result of give and take between three parts of the psyche personality. The three parts are the id which is pleasure, too much of everything and instance gratification. The super ego is the moral part of the psyche; its punitive comes from our parents, teachers and society.
Success of this approach often depends on both the counsellor and client and how well they work together. Most counselling courses use Rodgers as their bases. The first key element of person centred counselling is empathy.
Empathy means to understand and share the feelings of another. According to Mearns and Thorne,p. The second key element of person centred counselling is congruence.
Congruence means to be genuine and transparent for the counsellor to be themselves within a counselling relationship without putting up fronts that prevent them revealing their true self.
The third key element of person centred counselling is unconditional positive regard, including prizing. This means the counsellor accepts the clients unconditionally and non-judgementally. Within the frame work of the person centred approach to counselling, the client is given the knowledge of the power and tools they already possess to take responsibility for their own lives and health.
Carl Rodgers has taught us that given the right conditions, anyone and everyone are more than capable of fulfilling their true potential, this is called self-actualising. Cognitive-behavioural theory CBT is a kind of psychotherapeutic treatment that enables patients to comprehend the thoughts and feelings that control their behaviours.
Cognitive-behavioural therapy is more frequently used to treat an extensive range of disorders such as depression and anxiety. Cognitive-behavioural therapy is widely short-term and concentrates on enabling clients to deal with very particular problems.
Often six weeks to six months sessions of course depending upon the problem it is pacifically goal directed and places great weight upon self-help as a long term coping tool that the client can take away with them and successfully use.
Cognitive-behavioural therapy believes that clients can learn the wrong ways of developing and making sense of information during their cognitive development.
According to Dryden,p. It is said that in order for cognitive-behavioural therapy to be effective, the client needs to be ready and willing to devote time and effort analysing their thoughts and feelings.
This treatment is a brief course. Person-centred theory observes that because the clients had not been given the opportunity to experience the right conditions during development to be able to self-actualise, the clients problem branch from this.
The person-centred counsellor endeavours to recreate these core conditions within a safe therapeutic relationship. This type of therapy usually lasts for a few years.
It draws attention to the unconscious and seeks to advance the clients conscious power over their lives. The three theories have their differences for instances cognitive-behavioural therapy is a short-term therapy is usually given to clients free on the NHS and is one of the cheapest hence the reason the NHS provide it.
Person-centred therapy is in the middle it cost a lot more then cognitive-behavioural therapy and the timescale for the therapy is considerably longer. Psychodynamic therapy takes a number of years and is the most expensive of the three.
Theory gives the counsellor the professional frame work, guidance and knowledge to be able to enable their clients. This in turn gives the client the reassurance and confidence to build an effective therapeutic relationship working alliance with their counsellor.
It ensures that a professional frame work is in place to enable the client the freedom to explore very traumatic and disturbing experiences ethically and safely.- This essay will attempt to highlight and evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of the three main theories of counselling within the module covered this term.
The three approaches in discussion are psychodynamics, cognitive behavioural and humanistic. The Importance of Counseling Theories Essay.
(Counselling Theories Manual CHC8D03V) 4. By understanding Piaget’s stages of development, I am able to adapt his theories to counselling practice, using Piaget’s stages of development, you can compare Steven’s situation, referring to the stages of development. Counselling Theories Assessment 1 1. Explain the concept of nature versus nurture, using yourself as a case study to illustrate the kaja-net.com concept of nature versus nurture is that human behaviour is influenced by genetic information inherited from our parents and . Counselling Theories Assessment 1 1. Explain the concept of nature versus nurture, using yourself as a case study to illustrate the kaja-net.com concept of nature versus nurture is that human behaviour is influenced by genetic information inherited from our parents and .
Words 3 Pages. It is imperative to study counseling theories when beginning field based work. Counseling theories provide a foundation to be able to learn and develop my own techniques.
Some ideas that exemplify the significance of counseling theories are; research, application of theories, and. Free Essay: Personal Theory of Counseling Meaghan O’Reilly Counseling and Psychotherapy Theories COUN Dr.
Bob Today, the majority of counselors and. Counselling Theories Assessment 1 1. Explain the concept of nature versus nurture, using yourself as a case study to illustrate the kaja-net.com concept of nature versus nurture is that human behaviour is influenced by genetic information inherited from our parents and .
kaja-net.comn the concept of nature versus nurture, using yourself as a case study to illustrate the theory. The concept of nature versus nurture is that human behaviour is influenced by genetic information inherited from our parents and also by environmental and social influences.
Dec 01, · Free Essays on Counselling Theory.
Search. Compare the contribution of major theorists to the different perspectives used in counselling Changes in the dominant theories said to underpin social work—economics or sociology or psychoanalytic theories—and confusion between espoused theories and those actually informing practice have.