Visit Website Inthe same team found another geoglyph, this time one that depicts a foot-long meter-long mythical creature that has many legs and spotted markings, and is sticking out its tongue.
The Mysterious Nazca Lines On the arid coastal plains of Southern Peru lie the cultural markings of the great Nazca people from thousands of years ago. The figures were often drawings of animals, fish, birds, geometric designs and even anthropomorphic images. Like the great mystery of the Egyptian pyramids, these drawings have continued to puzzle researchers-from the massive size to the ambiguous meaning.
This discovery thrust public spotlight on the Nazca people, whose culture has been preserved by the same conditions that may have led to their demise: Between BC and ADthe Nazca people produced textiles and ceramics that were amazingly artistic and surprisingly technical. Due to the arid climate, many of these objects were perfectly preserved in their original state and continue to inspire awe all across the globe.
They even invented a technique of mixing a dozen mineral pigments in a thin wash of clay so that colors could be baked directly into pottery. This society also constructed large pyramids and developed a highly complex system of underground canals.
However, it was the discovery of the massive geoglyphs that earned the Nazca people their notoriety.
Even though geoglyphs have been found in other regions, none compare to the vast scale of the Nazca Lines. These desert markings are created by simply removing a layer of darker stones on the ground, exposing the lighter sand beneath.
They have survived largely due to the lack of rain. We know who did them and mostly how, but researchers have yet to discover why. They have been explained as settings on an astronomical calendar, Inca roads, irrigation plans and, most incredulously, as landing strips for alien ships.
However, the lines have long been associated with water, which was crucial to the survival of the Nazca people. The Nazca culture was built upon the parched valleys of Southern Peru and the people seemed to move east or west along the rivers as rainfall patterns shifted.
Water was always a critical problem because the Nazca River can be completely dry for several months to several years at a time. It is believed that the Nazca society collapsed at the end of the 6th century when the aridity culminated and water became detrimentally scarce.
Renowned researcher Johan Reinhard interprets the lines as sacred gathering places directed towards the deities, especially the Water Gods. The images may have been so large partly because deities were believed to dwell on mountain tops.
Even today, offerings for rain in Peru are made to the mountains. Researchers found sea shells and ceremonial drinking vessels at some of the geoglyphs, especially at mounds of stones found on the lines.
Reinhard explains that stone mounds were used as places for making offerings to mountains and were often perceived as representing the mountains themselves. Images of birds are common figures in the Nazca Lines. Even today, the sighting of a heron, pelican or condor is interpreted as sign that it will rain in the mountains.
The condor specifically is largely believed to be the materialization of the Mountain Gods. Hummingbirds are sometimes considered intermediaries with or manifestations of Mountain Gods.
The sea birds, such as the heron or pelican, are clearly associated with the ocean. Animal and insect figures were also common among the images.
The monkey and lizard may have been symbols of water because they are associated with places where water is available.
Furthermore, when lizards come out it is commonly interpreted as a sign that rain is coming. Spiders and millipedes also appear shortly before it is about to rain. The large marine creatures, such as the shark or whale, have an obvious connection to the water-giving ocean.
Foxes were believed to be the "dogs" of Mountain Gods and it was common for the Incas to tie dogs outside to howl until the Weather God sent rain. All of these symbolisms point to ritual offerings to the Gods praying for rain.The Nazca Lines are a collection of giant geoglyphs—designs or motifs etched into the ground—located in the Peruvian coastal plain about miles ( kilometers) south of Lima, Peru.
Created. Sep 01, · Nazca Lines, Peru The figures are quite something to see and must be seen via an airplane. The Nazca Lines are a series of ancient geoglyphs etched /5(K). A huge geoglyph in the shape of an elk or deer discovered in Russia may predate Peru's famous Nazca Lines by thousands of years.
The animal-shaped stone structure, located near Lake Zjuratkul in the Ural Mountains, north of Kazakhstan, has an elongated muzzle, four legs and two antlers. The geoglyphs of Nazca or "Nazca Lines" are a series of geometric shapes, miles of lines, and large drawings of animal figures (some as large as a football field) constructed on the desert floor in the Nazca region.
Many theories have arisen about the great geoglyphs. A large number of people over an extended period of time could have. The Nazca Lines / ˈ n æ z k ɑː / are a series of large ancient geoglyphs in the Nazca Desert, in southern Peru.
The largest figures are up to m (1, ft) long.  They were designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in Location: Nazca Desert, Peru. Von Däniken maintains that the Nazca lines in Peru are runways of an ancient airfield that was used by extraterrestrials mistaken by the natives to be their gods.
Maria Reiche 's protege Phillis Pitluga, an astronomer at the Adler Planetarium & Astronomy Museum, believes, based on computer aided studies of star alignments, that the giant spider figure is an anamorphic diagram of the constellation Orion.