From about tothe Ottoman Empire ruled much of the region. The League of Nations issued a British mandate for Palestine—a document that gave Britain the responsibility of establishing a Jewish national homeland in Palestine—which went into effect in Jewish leaders accepted the plan, but many Palestinian Arabs vehemently opposed it. Arab groups argued that they represented the majority of the population in certain regions and should be granted more territory.
ZionismArab nationalismand Palestinian nationalism Before World War Ithe Middle East region, including the Ottoman Syria the southern part of which are History of the palestinian conflict as Palestinewas under the control of the Ottoman Empire for nearly years. The roots of the conflict can be traced to the late 19th century, with the rise of national movements, including Zionism and Arab nationalism.
Though the Jewish aspiration to return to Zion had been part of Jewish religious thought for more than a millennium, the Jewish population of Europe and to some degree Middle East began to more actively discuss immigration back to the Land of Israel, and the re-establishment of the Jewish Nation, only during to the s, largely as a solution to the widespread persecution of Jews, and antisemitism in Russia and Europe.
As a result, the Zionist movement, the modern movement for the creation of a homeland for the Jewish people, was established as a political movement in The Zionist movement called for the establishment of a nation state for the Jewish people in Palestine, which would serve as a haven for the Jews of the world and in which they would have the right for self-determination.
According to Benny Morrisamong the first recorded violent incidents between Arabs and the newly immigrated Jews in Palestine was the accidental shooting death of an Arab man in Safedduring a wedding in Decemberby a Jewish guard of the newly formed Rosh Pinna.
On March 28, a Jewish settler crossing this land was attacked and robbed of his horse by Yahudiya Arabs, while the settlers confiscated nine mules found grazing in their fields, though it is not clear which incident came first and which was the retaliation. The Jewish settlers refused to return the mules, a decision viewed as a provocation.
Four Jews were injured and a fifth, an elderly woman with a heart condition, died four days later. In the next five years twelve Jewish settlement guards were killed by Arabs.
Settlers began to speak more and more of Arab "hatred" and "nationalism" lurking behind the increasing depredations, rather than mere "banditry".
Ottoman policy makers in the late 19th century were apprehensive of the increased Russian and European influence in the region, partly as a result of a large immigration wave from the Russian Empire.
The Ottoman authorities feared the loyalty of the new immigrants not so much because of their Jewishness but because of concern that their loyalty was primarily to their country of origin, Russia, with whom the Ottoman Empire had a long history of conflicts: This concern was fomented by the example seen in the dismantling of Ottoman authority in the Balkan region.
European immigration was also considered by local residents to be a threat to the cultural make-up of the region. As a result, in the Ottoman authorities banned land sales to foreigners.
By the Jewish population in Palestine had risen to over 60, with around 33, of these being recent settlers. The Balfour Declaration which supported the establishment of a Jewish homeland in Palestine and protected the civil and religious rights of existing non-Jewish communities.
Inthe McMahon—Hussein Correspondence was formed as an agreement with Arab leaders to grant sovereignty to Arab lands under Ottoman control to form an Arab state in exchange for the Great Arab Revolt against the Ottomans. However, the Balfour Declaration in proposed to "favour the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people, but that nothing should be done to prejudice the civil and religious rights of the existing non-Jewish communities in Palestine.
The Balfour Declaration was seen by Jewish nationalists as the cornerstone of a future Jewish homeland on both sides of the Jordan River, but increased the concerns of the Arab population in the Palestine region. Inthe British succeeded in defeating the Ottoman Turkish forces and occupied the Palestine region.
The land remained under British military administration for the remainder of the war. On January 3,future president of the World Zionist Organization Chaim Weizmann and the future King Faisal I of Iraq signed the Faisal-Weizmann Agreement in which Faisal provisionally accepted the Balfour Declaration conditional on the fulfillment of British wartime promises of Palestine being included in the area of Arab independence.
Intercommunal violence in Mandatory Palestine See also:Despite the summit's failure to produce a final settlement of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict in accordance with the Oslo Agreements, Arafat requested another meeting.
Nearly five months later, the parties reconvened at the White House on December 19, , and following separate meetings with both parties, Clinton offered his last proposal. May 30, · Watch video · Today, Palestine theoretically includes the West Bank (a territory that divides modern-day Israel and Jordan) and the Gaza Strip (land bordering modern-day Israel and Egypt).
The modern history of Palestine begins with the termination of the British Mandate, the Partition of Palestine and the creation of Israel, and the ensuing Israeli-Palestinian conflict.
The Partition of Palestine.
However, Palestinian officials were concerned over Israel's ongoing settlement building in the West Bank and east Jerusalem, land that would be part of an official Palestinian state.
Israel freed another 26 Palestinian prisoners as part of the current U.S.-brokered peace talks in October. Mark Tessler's highly praised, comprehensive, and balanced history of the Read Ratings & Reviews · Fast Shipping · Deals of the Day · Shop Best Sellers.
Watch video · Learn about the diverse religious and political history that brought about the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict. See how WWI and WWII influenced the establishment of the nation state of Israel in