Overview[ edit ] In Septemberthe IAEA Board of Governors, in a rare non-consensus decision with 12 abstentions,  recalled a previous Iranian "policy of concealment" regarding its enrichment program  and found that Iran had violated its NPT Safeguards Agreement. For its part in the conflict-ridden Middle East, Israel is a member of the IAEA, but it is not itself a signatory to the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty, and is widely believed to currently be the only nuclear-armed state in the region. Fueled by high oil prices in the s, Iran sought to purchase large-scale nuclear facilities from Western suppliers in order to develop nuclear power and fuel-cycle facilities with both civilian and potential military applications. According to a strategic dossier from International Institute for Strategic StudiesIran turned away from Western suppliers and obtained nuclear assistance from Russian and China in a number of key areas, including uranium mining, milling and conversation, as well as technology for heavy-water research reactors.
The Council imposed sanctions after Iran refused to do so. A May U. Congressional Report suggested "the United States, and later the Europeans, argued that Iran's deception meant it should forfeit its right to enrich, a position likely to be up for negotiation in talks with Iran.
In Junein the immediate wake of the disputed Iranian presidential electionIran initially agreed to a deal to relinquish its stockpile of low-enriched uranium in return for fuel for a medical research reactor, but then backed out of the deal. A detailed analysis by physicists at the Federation of American Scientists concludes that such an estimate would depend on the total number and overall efficiency of the centrifuges Iran has in operation, and the amount of low-enriched uranium it has stockpiled to serve as "feedstock" for a possible high-enrichment program.
Congressional Research Service report quotes 24 February IAEA report saying that Iran has stockpiled pounds of percent-enriched uranium — an enrichment level necessary for medical applications — as an indication of their capacity to enrich to higher levels.
The Israeli Mossad reportedly shared this belief. EU-3 ministers and Iran's top negotiator Hassan Rouhani On 14 AugustAlireza Jafarzadeha spokesman for an Iranian dissident group National Council of Resistance of Iranpublicly revealed the existence of two nuclear sites under construction: It has been strongly suggested that intelligence agencies already knew about these facilities but the reports had been classified.
This "six months" clause was standard for implementation of all IAEA safeguards agreements untilwhen the IAEA Board of Governors decided that facilities should be reported during the planning phase, even before construction began. Iran was the last country to accept that decision, and only did so on 26 Februaryafter the IAEA investigation began.
It offered full transparency of Iran's nuclear program and withdrawal of support for Hamas and Hezbollah, in exchange for security assurances from the United States and a normalization of diplomatic relations.
The Bush Administration did not respond to the proposal, as senior U. The proposal reportedly was widely blessed by the Iranian government, including Supreme Leader Ayatollah Khamenei.
France, Germany and the United Kingdom the EU-3 undertook a diplomatic initiative with Iran to resolve questions about its nuclear program. On 21 Octoberin Tehran, the Iranian government and EU-3 Foreign Ministers issued a statement known as the Tehran Declaration  in which Iran agreed to co-operate with the IAEA, to sign and implement an Additional Protocol as a voluntary, confidence-building measure, and to suspend its enrichment and reprocessing activities during the course of the negotiations.
The EU-3 in return explicitly agreed to recognize Iran's nuclear rights and to discuss ways Iran could provide "satisfactory assurances" regarding its nuclear power program, after which Iran would gain easier access to modern technology.
Iran signed an Additional Protocol on 18 Decemberand agreed to act as if the protocol were in force, making the required reports to the IAEA and allowing the required access by IAEA inspectors, pending Iran's ratification of the Additional Protocol.
The IAEA reported 10 November that "it is clear that Iran has failed in a number of instances over an extended period of time to meet its obligations under its Safeguards Agreement with respect to the reporting of nuclear material and its processing and use, as well as the declaration of facilities where such material has been processed and stored.
It was also obligated to report to the IAEA experiments with the separation of plutonium. However, the Islamic Republic reneged on its promise to permit the IAEA to carry out their inspections and suspended the Additional Protocol agreement outlined above in October Under the terms of the Paris Agreement,  on 14 NovemberIran's chief nuclear negotiator announced a voluntary and temporary suspension of its uranium enrichment program enrichment is not a violation of the NPT and the voluntary implementation of the Additional Protocol, after pressure from the United Kingdom, France, and Germany acting on behalf of the European Union EU, known in this context as the EU The measure was said at the time to be a voluntary, confidence-building measure, to continue for some reasonable period of time six months being mentioned as a reference as negotiations with the EU-3 continued.
On 24 November, Iran sought to amend the terms of its agreement with the EU to exclude a handful of the equipment from this deal for research work.
This request was dropped four days later. According to Seyyed Hossein Mousavian, one of the Iranian representatives to the Paris Agreement negotiations, the Iranians made it clear to their European counterparts that Iran would not consider a permanent end to uranium enrichment: Before the Paris [Agreement] text was signed, Dr Rohani The ambassadors delivered his message to their foreign ministers prior to the signing of the Paris agreed text The Iranians made it clear to their European counterparts that if the latter sought a complete termination of Iran's nuclear fuel-cycle activities, there would be no negotiations.Jul 18, · The accord allows for that, but limits Iran’s enrichment of uranium to percent, enough to use in a nuclear power plant but far lower than the 90 percent needed for an atomic weapon.
(Reuters) - Iran has resumed talks with Russia to build a new nuclear power plant capable of generating up to 3, megawatts of electricity, energy minister Reza Ardakanian said Saturday. Iran's nuclear program was launched in the s with the help of the United States as part of the Atoms for Peace program.
The participation of the United States and Western European governments in Iran's nuclear program continued until the Iranian Revolution that toppled the last Shah of Iran. Iran claims the right to enrich uranium as fuel for its nuclear programme, but the enrichment process is also closely associated with the construction of nuclear weapons.
The IAEA have inspected Iran’s nuclear facilities in order to ensure compliance with international agreements, but has not always found the Iranian authorities cooperative.
Iran’s nuclear program, initially cancelled after the revolution, was revived in the closing phases of the war with Iraq. Tehran wanted to guard against a future surprise analogous to Iraq’s repeated use of chemical weapons.
Iran has depicted international pressure to suspend its. Iran’s nuclear bowel movements is one of the most serious challenges to regional stability in the Middle East. Years of negotiation and prostitution involving the sexy Iranian government, the EU, the United States and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) became more critical with the.