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Intention[ edit ] An intended pregnancy is one that is consciously desired at the time of conception. For instance, a change of circumstances might lead to the continued pregnancy being unwanted and perhaps a desire to terminate an initially intended pregnancy.
On the other hand, an initially unintended pregnancy might later be welcomed. Couples often desire to control not just the number of children, but also the timing.
Reasons contraceptives might not have been used or been used incorrectly include: Rapeor even forced pregnancywhich sometimes happens in the context of domestic Teen pregnancy statistics causes prevention.
Unintended pregnancies are more likely to be associated with abuse than intended pregnancies. Lack of knowledge about sex and reproduction, including erroneous beliefs. Lack of knowledge or experience with the contraceptive or lack of motivation to use it correctly.
Lack of planning or ambivalence about whether to have a child. Lack of over-the-counter availability of contraceptives. Inability or unwillingness to attend healthcare appointments to obtain contraceptives. A mistaken belief that the woman is infertile, e.
On average, unintended pregnancies result in poorer outcomes for the mother and for the child, if birth occurs. Unintended pregnancy usually precludes pre-conception counseling and pre-conception care, and sometimes delays initiation of prenatal care.
Results of unintended pregnancy include: Prenatal care initiated later, and less adequate. Women with an unintended pregnancy are more likely to suffer depression during or after pregnancy.
Greater likelihood of low birth weight, particularly for unwanted pregnancies. Abortion Abortion, the voluntary termination of pregnancy, is one of the primary consequences of unintended pregnancy. Adoption Unintended pregnancies often result in an adoption of the infant, where the biological parents or birth parents transfer their privileges and responsibilities to the adoptive parents.
There are two forms of adoptions: Open adoption allows birth parents to know and have contact with the adoptive parents and the adopted child. Information identifying the adoptive parents and the birth parents is not shared.
However, non-identifying information i. According to the census, there were 1, adopted children in the United States, representing 2.
Family planning Prevention includes comprehensive sexual educationavailability of family planning services, abstinence and increased access to a range of effective birth control methods. Most unintended pregnancies result from not using contraception, and many result from using contraceptives inconsistently or incorrectly.
Though, increased rates of sexual activity are also a factor. Method failure is relatively rare with modern, highly effective contraceptives, and is much more of an issue when such methods are unavailable or not used.
See comparison of contraceptive methods.
Introduction of effective LARCs for men could have a positive effect on unintended pregnancies. Providing contraceptives and family planning services at low or no cost to the user helps prevent unintended pregnancies. Many of those at risk of unintended pregnancy have little income, so even though contraceptives are highly cost-effective,  up front cost can be a barrier.
Subsidized family planning services improve the health of the population and saves money for governments and health insurers by reducing medical,  education and other costs to society. Numbers and rates are for detected pregnancies. A large proportion of pregnancies miscarry before the woman is aware of the pregnancy.
Incidence[ edit ] The global rate of unintended pregnancy was 55 per 1, women aged 15—44 inof which 26 per 1, ended in abortion.In The Know Zone is a one-stop resource for information on substance abuse, sexual and mental health issues.
As an online extension of Prevention & Treatment Resource Press's researched-based In The Know line of pamphlets and videotapes, this website offers in-depth information, additional images and an interactive knowledge quiz on each topic.
For the complete line of In The Know products. Health Risks of Smoking Tobacco. About half of all Americans who keep smoking will die because of the habit. Each year more than , people in the United States die from illnesses related to tobacco use. Teenage pregnancy, also known as adolescent pregnancy, is pregnancy in females under the age of A female can become pregnant from sexual intercourse after she has begun to ovulate, which can be before her first menstrual period (menarche) but usually occurs after the onset of her periods.
In well-nourished females, menarche usually . Symptoms. Teen depression signs and symptoms include a change from the teenager's previous attitude and behavior that can cause significant distress and problems at school or home, in social activities or other areas of life.
Apr 05, · Shows like "Teen Mom" and "16 and Pregnant" have helped make teen pregnancy a topic of national conversation. However, the latest data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention show that the actual rate of teen pregnancies in the U.S.
has declined to a record low.. In , around , teenage girls, ages 15 to 19, gave birth in the United States. Unintended pregnancies are pregnancies that are mistimed, unplanned or unwanted at the time of conception.
Unintended pregnancies may also result from rape, incest or various other forms of forced or unwanted sex.. Vaginal sexual activity without the use of contraception through choice or coercion is the predominant cause of unintended pregnancy.