Subscribe to the CompellingTruth. What should be the Christian view of cloning?
What should be the Christian view of cloning? The first occasion of animal cloning was in the late s and involved a sea urchin. Inan embryonic salamander was cloned.
Both used cell division—manual twinning. Inthe first mammals sheep and cow embryos were cloned. A decade later Dolly the sheep became the first born cloned mammal. The development of a human embryo via nuclear transplantation has proved more difficult.
The process currently being developed for cloning is called somatic-cell nuclear transfer, or SCNT. It involves taking an unfertilized egg and replacing the nucleus including all the genetic code with a nucleus from a cell elsewhere in the body.
The now-functionally fertilized egg is allowed to grow through several splits into a blastocyst, which contains cells for both a body and the placenta.
At that point, the cells could be used for reproductive cloning or therapeutic cloning. The goal of human reproductive cloning is to implant the cells into a human uterus and result in the birth of a live baby.
There are several reasons given for human reproductive cloning: There are many other reasons for cloning, but they all suffer from abundant self-absorption.
Therapeutic cloning is a little different in technique. Stem cells are the cells made in the earliest stages of human development, and they have the potential to turn into any part of the human body.
When the clone reaches the blastocyst stage, the stem cells are harvested and induced to grow into the desired tissue: The touted advantage is that, since the genetic information was taken directly from the patient, there is no chance of organ rejection.
Regarding a Christian perspective on cloning, there are a couple of issues to consider. First, there is nothing in the Bible to indicate that developing a fertilized egg with the same genetic material as an adult is wrong.
Twins have the same genetic material. Also, there is nothing unbiblical about fertilization performed outside of the body—in vitro fertilization and cloning are both accomplished this way.
And there is nothing patently unscriptural about the mechanical development of a clone blastocyst. From that point onward, however, problems abound. One of the main issues with reproductive cloning has to do with motivation. Most justifications given for cloning are purely selfish.
Creating a clone of oneself is pure hubris. Cloning for medical reasons is a little more ambiguous, and parents have had children with the hope the newborn would be a genetic match for a sick sibling. But, as with IVF, several blastocysts would probably need to be developed for a single live birth.
Destroying a remaining, unneeded blastocyst would be killing a child. Other considerations are the high likelihood of the non-viability of the embryo and the presence of birth defects. The research required to get to the point of a live birth would require the destruction of countless embryos.
Therapeutic cloning is fraught with ethical problems. The entire point of therapeutic cloning is the death of the clone so that tissue can be harvested to benefit someone else.
In therapeutic cloning, birth is never the goal.
Instead, the stem cells are harvested about the fourteen-day mark. There is no difference in potential between a clone blastocyst and a blastocyst developed through normal fertilization—as reproductive cloning shows. If life begins at conception in normal fertilization, then life begins at nucleus transplantation in a clone.
The birth of a viable human clone would not change the truth. Every human is made in the image of God Genesis 1:Attitudes towards human reproductive cloning, assisted reproduction and gene selection: a survey of British twins In a Christian context, a possible explanation for this would be that on average, women are more religious than men.
The fact that female twins, on the other hand, were more likely than male twins in our study to . of the religious issues and themes raised by human cloning" for the National Bioethics Advisory Committee's Report on cloning, which was presented to President William J.
Clinton. Joan Woolfrey & Courtney S. Campbell, Cloning: Fact, Fiction, and Faith, REFLECTIONS (Program for Ethics, Science, and the Env't, Dep't of Philosophy, Or. Christian attitudes towards cloning By Ross Goldsborough Since Dolly the sheep was successfully cloned in , and the possibility of cloning humans became a reality, Christian leaders have been ever thinking about whether or not cloning is .
Thinking through the ethics of cloning. Dr. James F. Drane. Rusell B. Roth Professor of Clinical Bioethics Scripture is an important source of ethical direction for all Judeo-Christian religious people, but since scripture provides no specific answers to contemporary scientific problems, biblical ethicists have to think through the issue of.
This is a PowerPoint lesson which can be used as part of the medical ethics unit of OCR GCSE RS (specification B), or any specification which involves students needing to look at the different types of cloning, and the Christian responses to cloning.
For specifics on the Christian view of cloning, please see “What is the Christian view of cloning? The element of greatest concern with genetic engineering involves how much liberty mankind can take in its responsibility to care .